The history of printmaking began in China in 206 BC with woodblock printing on silk. This technique was developed in the 11th century with letters carved on clay tablets and printed on paper. Clay tablets were eventually replaced by wood, but wood was eventually replaced by metal, a more durable material. Johannes Gutenberg succeeded in printing clearer and more distinct letters with metal letters, enabling faster and higher quality printing of books. With the establishment of printing presses, printing techniques have diversified and are now used in many disciplines of art. Methods such as high printing, intaglio printing, flat printing, lithographic printing, silk printing, laser printing, direct photographic printing and mono-printing are frequently used in all disciplines of art today. On ceramic surfaces, this adventure, which started with seashells, leaves and fingerprints, has enabled the application of printing methods easily due to the nature of the ceramic material. Especially with printing methods, ceramic artists have developed different forms of expression. Artists have succeeded in using ceramic surfaces as a kind of paper, sometimes preferring wet clay surfaces and sometimes fired surfaces. Gel printing, a type of monotype printing, is discussed within the scope of this research. In the study, the gel printing technique was examined and its applicability on ceramic tile surfaces was investigated and the results were shared.
Keywords: Ceramic, Gel Print, Monotype