Museums are institutions to be considered along with the historical and social developments of the country it belongs to. The museums not only carry and display the cultural heritage of a society, but they also witness its life story intertwined with its cultural heritage. Education is the field where museums’ importance and functions for the society can be clearly seen. As ICOM states the new definition of museum in 2022, a museum is a not-for-profit, permanent institution in the service of society that researches, collects, conserves, interprets and exhibits tangible and intangible heritage. Open to the public, accessible and inclusive, museums foster diversity and sustainability. They operate and ethically, professionally and promote participation by offering experiences for education, enjoyment and communication. Any activity with an educational aim can make museums more inclusive and democratic with its witnessing role. In this study, the case of Greece is analyzed through museology and museum education scopes. The simultaneous development of museology in Greece with the foundations of the country is reviewed. Also, the applications of museum education in the past and today are interpreted. Accordingly, the relationship between museums and the society today in Greece, except the recent social changes such as the immigration and the pandemic, generally has a national viewpoint, therefore it seems to be open to discussion as well as improvement. Consequently, a continuous development of the museology and museum education practices in Greece may be possible with a close liaison of museums and academic institutions.
Keywords: Museology, museum education, Greece, inclusivity