İdil Sanat ve Dil Dergisi
Cilt 12, Sayı 108  2023/8  (ISSN: 2146-9903, E-ISSN: 2147-3056)

NO Makale Adı

The journey of human existence in nature is a comprehensive and complex process that ranges from the theory of evolution to cultural activities such as art and architecture. This experimental journey, which began with hunting, food gathering, and shelter construction activities for survival in the Paleolithic era, also ensured the development of primitive tool designs as a result of the problems encountered. Especially from the Holocene era and Upper Paleolithic period onwards, the design evolution that started with the use of materials such as stone, bone, clay, and others also reflected on productions such as painting and sculpture. The reason why humans imitate nature is the desire to transform what they understand about natural colors, geometry, and motion into functional and aesthetically beautiful designs. In this context, the connection established by humans with the form and function of animal skeletons, which are closest to themselves in terms of species other than themselves, still meets current design needs at the intersection of observation, curiosity, and experimentation. Thanks to all the productions made to discover the secrets of nature and the universe, develop technology and shape the future of the world, people today can live together in the modern world with different cultures, languages, and traditions. To understand human's need and ability to take inspiration from nature, examining the products of primitive civilizations and cultures considered civilized, which show similarities with animal form and skeleton in the fields of medicine, art, and architecture, can be guiding in the historical process. In the projects of modern architects today, how they transform the geometry and function of the structure and design of the building through the animal skeleton with the biomimetic philosophy is therefore among the main topics evaluated in this study.
Keywords: Architecture, Biomimetics, Biomimicry, Animal Skeleton, Building Technology, Building Material, Organic Architecture