Although the jewelry preferences of people from the first ages to the present have changed according to the conditions of the period and the cultures of the communities, the phenomenon of jewelry design is one of the rare crafts and arts that keeps up with the time and embraces it. According to the technological possibilities of the period learned through archaeological findings, jewelery and jewelry design applications, from simple hand embroidery tools to today's modern embroidery machines, are ancient handicrafts of all times. In addition to jewelery application and decoration techniques, precious and semi-precious gemstones, which are the only indispensable decoration material of jewelery design, have always preserved their place. Gift of jewelry; It has continued to exist in every period for the purpose of belief, adornment and status, and it will continue to exist by adding new ones to these basic reasons. The adventure of the gemstone started with primitive processing techniques (lapideri) in ancient times; For jewelery stones used in jewelery produced with precious metals, besides processing and ornamentation due to the changing technological conditions in our recent history; There was also a need to distinguish between real, imitation and synthetic. This requirement has led to the emergence of non-destructive gemological analysis applications for gemstones alongside lapidary. In this study, the place and importance of gemstone processing and examination methods and techniques in jewelry and jewelry design, from the geological formation of the gemstone to the ancient civilizations and up to the present, and in recent history. Lapida of precious and semi-precious gemstones and non-destructive gemological analysis applications; his past, present and near future adventures are revealed..
Keywords: Jewellery, Jewelry Design, Gemstone, Lapidery, Gemology, Antiquity