Two-string sazs used in Anatolia and nearby geographies are ancient instruments that have existed since ancient times. Although the baglama family instruments are in different geographies and different countries, they show similarity in terms of structural and musical characteristics due to cultural diffusion. The most important example of the two-string baglamas in Anatolia, which is considered to be the most original and pioneering instrument of the two-string and three-string saz family, is the instrument called ruzba, ırızva, ravza, two-string, two-string saz and two-string cura. Due to the limitations of the study, the ruzba saz, which is widely used in Anatolia, has been discussed and examined in terms of performance practices. In order to understand the performance characteristics of ruzba, the left hand melody playing habits and the accompaniment sound preferences that determine the performance character of the instrument were examined. In the study, which has a qualitative descriptive structure, video and CD recordings of two-string saz performance were examined using the scanning model and evaluated with content analysis. Through document analysis, written, visual and auditory materials related to the subject were examined and common mechanical behaviors exhibited in saz performance were determined. Similar playing patterns, which are formed by the combination of right hand and left hand techniques used in the ruzba, are named as melody patterns (M.P.) and the main patterns that determine the hearing character of the instrument are classified and schematized over the accompaniment sound. Through the created schemes, the mechanical performance preferences traditionally used in the vocalization of melodic structures and the principles on which the accompaniment sounds formed depending on these preferences are determined have been examined. Based on the data obtained from the study, it is aimed to contribute to the mechanical systematization of the performance characteristics of the ruzba instrument, to the construction of written sources such as methods and teaching materials through position classification, and to the production of new repertoire based on the determined working principles.
Key Words: Baglama, ruzba, saz, two-stringed saz, two-stringed