Art develops and changes in parallel with the development of societies. The main reason for this situation is that the structure of human art is dynamic. Each individual or social event shows its traces in the works produced by the artist. Abstract expressionism is also a trend developed in painting art depending on social developments. The importance of the Abstract Expressionism movement was the first time that art and art movements that developed in Europe from the Roman period to the Renaissance and the beginning of the 20th century, when the industrial revolution took place, moved to America continent, although the founding artists were not American. In this context, it pushed the countries parallel to the developing industry in Europe to seek resources and to war with other especially neighbouring countries, led to authoritarian and oppressive regimes to come to power, eventually suppressed art and artists and forced them to migrate. The fact that both artists subjected to pressure due to their different ethnic and religious backgrounds, so they changed their names and met in America played an important role in the study of the two Abstract Expressionist artists selected for the study. The fact that the founding artists and also the audience were affected by these wars, which continue spiritually even though they are physically away from the war, may have made this movement especially emphasize freedom. In addition, the sense of conveying the experiences of artists may have played a role in shaping this movement. Abstract Expressionism; The fact that the artist's inner world seen in the work without bound by any rule also means that the work is free and original. Since it is not possible to reflect the events in the work by adhering to any pattern, it has become a necessity to exceed the limits in expressing feelings and thoughts. Gorky and Rothko also reflected their inner worlds in their works and described as important representatives of the abstract expressionism movement. In the study, the understanding of expressionism of the two mentioned artists and their transfer to their works evaluated.
Keywords: Movement, expressionism, Rothko, Gorky