Two-string baglamas are one of the oldest baglama types in Anatolia. It has a very rich structure in terms of playing techniques and hearing characteristics. This baglama type, which is seen in a wide geography with Anatolia at its center, is similar in many respects to the related instruments existing in different countries. When the literature of two-string baglamas, in which the oldest and mystical examples of culture are performed, is examined, it is possible to detect the traces of intercultural interaction and sharing. It is thought that the descriptive analysis of this mystical instrument, which carries the aesthetic perception and cultural footprints of the culture it belongs to from the past to the present, in which geography and with which instruments it resembles, will contribute to making musical evaluations on a more accurate basis. In this research, it is aimed to contribute to making correct geographical and cultural associations between the two-stringed instruments in Anatolia and similar instruments in the world. From this point of view, a descriptive study was carried out, and the two-stringed instruments that existed in the countries that had undergone common historical processes in the near geography were identified and their similarities and differences were discussed over their basic features. It is thought that the determinations made about the musical and structural features of the instruments will contribute to the studies to be done in this field in terms of understanding the historical and musical commonality of the instruments.
Key Words: Baglama, two-stringed saz, two-string