İdil Sanat ve Dil Dergisi
Cilt 11, Sayı 97  2022/9  (ISSN: 2146-9903, E-ISSN: 2147-3056)

NO Makale Adı

Mythology appears in many different fields from the past to the present as oral and written narratives. Among these areas; There are many interdisciplinary fields such as literature, poetry, theater and art. Oral or written narratives, which are a common cultural heritage of the East and the West, were influenced by the geographical and cultural values they belong to in the works of art, and were reinterpreted by many artists in different periods and transferred to visuals. There are many gods and goddesses in mythology. Pan, the shepherd god of Greek Mythology, has been handled in different ways by many artists at different times in the art environment. Known as the god of shepherds and herds, Pan is depicted in Greek mythology as half-goat, half-human. This image of Pan caused him to be expressed as a frightening and frightening god. In addition, heroes such as Zeus, Hermes, Artemis, Argos took an active role in the legend. Pan is reflected in the works of art through its depiction in the legend and is used with the hero of Syrinx in most of the paintings. Among the artists who use Pan as a subject for their works of art; There are many artists such as Peter Paul Rubens, Jan Brueghel the Elder, Filippo Lauri, François Boucher, Noel-Nicolas Coypel, Jacob Jordaens, Nicolas Poussin, Arnold Böcklin. These artists have translated the Pan they refer to in their works by interpreting them in light-shadow, diagonal forms, composition, color, form and their own unique style. In this study, the Pan God of Greek Mythology, one of the artists in the art of painting; It is discussed through the works of Paul Rubens, Nicolas Poussin, François Boucher and Jan Brueghel the Elder, named "Pan and Syrinx". The visual narrative language of the works named "Pan and Syrinx", which these artists created by considering them at different time intervals, the common features of these works and the features that distinguish these works from each other were examined. In addition, the content analysis was made by comparing the works named "Pan and Syrinx" and the reflection of the mythological legend Pan on the narratives in the art of painting was investigated.

Keywords: Mythology, Greek mythology, God Pan, Pan and Syrinx