In the middle of the 20th century, it is seen that there was a break in perspective separating the Modern period and its aftermath. With the new values that started to be accepted after the world wars and the new world order formed, new searches in art soon found their way. It is clear that art began to rise, especially in the 1950s, with a different, untested, idea that left the past behind with a great sense of rebellion, which took the wind of social events by breaking the analytical and scientific perspective of the Modern period. The Gutai group, which was founded in Japan in 1954 and started its activities, is a group that came out of a country with a deep-rooted culture but took a very different route for itself. It adopted the ideal of following the untested one by emphasizing the unity of essence and matter, and inspired the present and future of world art with her pioneering ideas. In this research, the history of the group, its periods, its basic philosophy, the reflections of this philosophy on works of art, its relations and interactions with contemporary artists were investigated.
Keywords: Gutai, Japan, Manifest, Contemporary Art, Yoshihara Jiro