Textiles made of organic fibers, include anthropologic knowledge about lifestyle, art idea, mythology, daily life and religious traditions of the culture made them. These tangible examples of Cultural identity of the society important for transfer traditional knowledge from next generation. Textile Cultural artefacts responsibility and interest of conservation and restoration science professionals can find from archaeological excavations or gathering from urban areas and given to museums from collectors. Historic textiles are hard to found well preserved and hard to passing it onto the next generation compared to artefacts made from inorganic materials because of they made of organic materials.
Every country on the earth has their own definition of Cultural Heritage and preservation laws. Under this diversity in the field of conservation and restoration science, it is necessary to establish standard definitions and use a common language at academic field likewise in every profession. Ethical codes and principles made for conservation of Cultural Heritage are a guide for conservation professionals. Politics of conservation practices change by technology development. In recent years, by analytical research, has been noticed that active conservation activities can damage the cultural heritage hence passive conservation activities like documentation and preservative conservation becomes priority. Descriptive scanning model based on screening of literature related to textile conservation was adopted for this paper.
Keywords: Cultural heritage, archaeological textile, conservation, restoration, ethics