İdil Sanat ve Dil Dergisi
Cilt 10, Sayı 78  Şubat 2021  (ISSN: 2146-9903, E-ISSN: 2147-3056)
Hatice Feriha AKPINARLI, Mualla Gözde ÇALIŞKAN ÇOBAN

NO Makale Adı

In every era of its history, the art branches have varied a lot in different societies. One of these branches is fabric weaving from traditional textile arts. The fabric is densely produced and continues to be produced in every region where Turks live, representing different technical, motive and compositional characteristics. The fact that Anatolia is one of the important textile centers is one of the reasons for the substantiality of fabric weaving, and there are textile fabric types that are specific cultural identity elements in geographical regions. The aim of this study is compose the geographical distribution by determining the types and characteristics of traditional fabric weavings with different characteristics woven or continue to be woven in Anatolia. Survey research design was used in this study. The universe of this study is traditional fabrics woven in Anatolia, and the sample is 32 traditional handwoven fabrics selected by random sampling from 7 regions. To collect data, written sources related to the subject were examined. As a result of this study; although there are differences in appearance of the fabrics, it has been revealed that they are mostly produced on whipped looms and mostly using cotton yarn, but silk, wool, floss, linen, angora wool, bristle and flax It has also revealed that plain weave in the ground knitting, weft brocade technique in pattern knitting was used, being preferred the natural color of the raw material, geographical sign related to many traditional fabrics are taken and in geographically distribution was mostly the Aegean Sea & Black Sea. The other fabrics, which are our historical weaving heritage, also need to be registered and protected. New projects should be made to keep the our weavings alive which are living documents of our cultural identity.

Keywords: Anatolia, fabric, woven, traditional hand weaving, geographical signs