The declaration of the Republic on 29 October 1923 brought a social change; in addition to the management elements such as economy, economy, domestic and politics by the hand of governments, fields such as education and arts were also affected by this change. It is thought that the policies and practical efforts of the governments contribute significantly to the adaptation of the people to the process. It is known that many new institutions were opened between 1923-1945 when is called the one-party political system, to improve the education system and to support the arts and artists. In addition, various museums, Turkish Hearths and People's Houses hosted exhibitions. With the 1946 general election, the transition to a multi-party political system was experienced. After the 1950 general elections, officially multi-party political life was adopted. During 1950 government period ,economic policies came forward and although Turkey did not enter World War 2, it felt its negative effects ,especially on economic fields. It is thought that the process brought along different educational and cultural policies. In this direction, the aim of the this article is to discuss the education, culture and arts policies of governments in a period from 1938 to 1950; in this study,Turkey has been mentioned between the years 1938-1950, to summarize the topics , events happened between 1923-1950 have been handled chronologically, 1923-1950 general elections and the information about governments served between the years 1938-1950, have been visualised by charts. In conclusion,the programs of 10-19th Republic Governments have been tried to be evaluated, especially culture and art education.
Keywords: Republic period (1938-1950), government policies, culture, art education