The Turks developed a very strong weaving culture and produced extraordinary fabrics in the historical period, especially in the Seljuk and Ottoman periods. Ottoman weaving lived its most magnificent period especially in the 16th century. The fabrics that have a very rich material and pattern content, called Ottoman “Palace Fabrics”, were woven with high technique, was an important commodity as a commercial element. Ottoman-era fabrication has experienced such a magnificent period that it was customary to lay silk fabrics with gold and silver mixture on the roads where the sultans walked. These fabrics were called Payendaz. "Payendaz" were thick fabric runners laid on the roads that the sultan walked. In the literature review, it has been observed that there are not many written publications and visuals about the use of "Payendaz" in the Ottoman period. This study has been conducted since it has been determined that there are not enough sources regarding the use of Payendaz fabrics in Ottoman fabric art, as well as dealing with their technical and artistic features. The study has been prepared using the literature review method. First of all, literature review was carried out. Written and visual sources determined as a result of the scanning were classified and interpreted by compiling the information and images in the sources.
Keywords: Ottoman period, Silk, Silk fabric, Silk ground cover, Payendaz