The fields art and culture have always been controlled and protected by authorities through various policies. Having been protected by the Ottoman Empire for many centuries, and seen as the official music of the empire, makam music went through various changes and transformations due to the Westernization movements from the beginning of the 19th century onwards. Turkish makam music which took its final form with the proclamation of the Republic in 1923, began to be seen as an archaic element as a result of the policies of this new regime, and was attempted to be eliminated through the Gökalpist doctrine, in order to found a national music. This research has been focused on the analysis of the effects of the reforms attempted in the musical area following the proclamation of the Republic, on the broadcasting activity in Ankara Radio. Books, magazines, newspapers and articles which give information about the Ankara Radio, have been determined and accessed through the archive research, and examined thoroughly. Thus within this research has been employed a qualitative descriptive research method.
As a result of the research, it has been concluded that Ankara Radio could not avoid the dominant ideology since its foundation and has been kept Turkish makam music in the background thereby concentrate on Western music on broadcasting, even though it brought an stylistic innovation.
Keywords: Turkish makam music, One-Party Era, Ankara Radio, Istanbul Radio, westernization