Ceramic is one of the most established art branches and includes needs-based designs as well as works for aesthetic purposes. It started first from pottery production and today has a wide range of productions, from ceramic health care equipment. Due to rapid industrialization, ceramic health care equipment, also known as "vitrification” production, has made great progress. Especially starting from the production process, there is a period where design is given importance, branding and production is maintained, new products are designed and quality production as well as competition is increasing. In this process, it has begun to be evaluated in terms of the sustainability and economy of the enterprises. In this study; The effect of the use of vitreous-china sludge and fine fire clay (FFC) sludge in the production and design of vitrified in ceramic plants and the different applications were evaluated.
Keywords: Ceramic, vitrification, FFC, design