İdil Sanat ve Dil Dergisi
Cilt 8, Sayı 64  Aralık 2019  (ISSN: 2146-9903, E-ISSN: 2147-3056)

NO Makale Adı
1573837411 UTOPIA AND ART

With its structure that pushes limits, art has the function of processing, extending and reproducing the world and referencing the future. It shows us that other worlds are possible with its utopian essence and its relationship with utopia. Throughout the historical process, the utopian urge has always worked in relation to sensual forms. Utopias that have a hybrid structure in terms of genre fuse the literary with the political. The utopian essence of art is also the centerpiece in the harmonious society fantasies of the 19th century societal utopians. Utopian thinkers strived to realize the promises of the French revolution and imagined harmonious societies, ideal systems where life transforms into art. All these utopian ideas and attempts stemmed from the desire to meet the needs of the society in which they were created. These thinkers believed that art and artists will lead the transformation of society. The actual inheritors of their utopias turned out to be avant-garde artists. In the study, first the general structure of utopia as a narrative genre is presented, and then the utopian aspect of art and its relationship with utopia are examined with the descriptive analysis method. As the art and utopia concepts have a very wide scope, it was deemed necessary to set boundaries in the study, and the utopian thinkers that gave a central role to art and artist in their harmonious society fantasies in the romantic utopias of the 19th century were considered. The utopian society fantasies of romantic utopian thinkers influenced the aesthetic history and the avant-garde movements. All the criticisms and destructiveness of avant-garde art stem from the desire and hope for a new society and new humanity and the utopian urge.

Keywords: Utopia, art, Saint Simon, Fourier