World War II, which started in 1939, caused both countries entering the war and countries which were succeed in not entering the war until last moment thanks to following a certain policy of balance and neutrality such as Turkey to experience really difficult times both economically and socially. Due to the war economy, the decrease in many basic consumption items from food to clothing, coal to gasoline, the onset of black market and the tax policies applied worsened the socio-economic situation of the people. The absence and scarcity experienced were felt intensely in all segments of the society, and these difficulties experienced economically and socially reflected on art, as well. The burden of war economy on the people, especially in literature, painting, cinema and especially music was mentioned as the subject of emerging artworks. In an environment where people tried to survive under such difficult conditions, the main venues where cultural and artistic activities were held were cinema, theater, exhibition, fair, school buildings and especially public house halls. The concert halls and musical activities performed in these places were the sharing of works with society, and they also served as a function for mass entertainment for the Turkish society who were overwhelmed by the war environment. In this study, music policies and the impacts of the war on music in Turkey will be discussed. Besides, music institutions and musical activities and activities carried out during the war period will be included in the study.
Keywords: The World War II, Turkey, Government Programs, Music Policies, Music Institutions