İdil Sanat ve Dil Dergisi
Cilt 8, Sayı 60  Ağustos 2019  (ISSN: 2146-9903, E-ISSN: 2147-3056)
Özlem GÖK

NO Makale Adı

This research approaches the figures that Patricia Piccinini defines as creatures on the subject of monstre phenomenon In western languages, the word “monstre” refers to multiple meanings. Therefore in this research words such as creature, freak, monstrosity included in phenomenon of monstre are studied with variable meanings that’ve been altered through history. In this concept, the research contains comprehensive period of time dates back to human menageries of the freaks in the circle of teratology, presented to science and voyeur glance of the community; to human freaks that was turned into exotic objects in the age of discovery; and to mythological archetype of monstre phenomenon formed in ancient Greece. After addressing these historical process, it strikes as three monsters included in the phenomenon of monstre. The first one is the freaks with congenital deformity, the second is the societies dehumanised based on racial differences and the third one is the fancy of “monster” fictionalized as some sort of human-animal mixture. It’s been discussed about how the monsters in this concept reflect on the creatures of Patricia Piccinini. With the selected examples of the artist, the concept of monstre takes place in terms of semiotics with a critical approach. These creatures has been presented to the attention as fictionalized legendary characters which were created in a mythical context belonging to the own era of the artist. Even though these creatures aren’t representatives of a freak in the field of teratology in real terms, referring from freaky bodies in fiction and constructing phase has been clearly noticed. Being referred in the context of monstre with their artistic aspects, these creatures correspond to fictitious monsters mixed with human-animal peculiarities. These creatures have been made in the concept of spokesmodel in behalf of animals, by extension they personify and stand for animals.

Keywords: Monstre, monster, freak, hyperrealistic sculpture, Patricia Piccinini