The Ottoman Empire, which ruled over a wide geography for centuries, had many civilizations within it. As a result of the wars in different countries, the political, military and cultural interactions have become inevitable, and music has taken part in these cultural interactions. In this study, the effects of the Westernization movements in the music starting from the Ottoman Empire with the historical analysis method were discussed. Turkish music was forbidden after the speeches made in Following the speeches which were made in 1926 at the Sarayburnu Casino, Turkish music was marginalized, and Turkish music was broadcasted on radio in 1934-1936. Ottoman music was called reactionary by the official ideology of the Republican period and some broadcasting institutions of that period. At the peak of the alaturka-alafranga debate in the country, Ziya Gökalp's idea that folk music is the folk song in the villages of Anatolia in the national culture, and the idea that these folk melodies can be processed with Western techniques has become a dominant ideology. Despite all these prohibitions, there action of the lower levels of society was to internalize Turkish music in contrast to the expectations. The practices in this context were abandoned and the ban on Turkish music was abolished in 1936.
Keywords: National culture, forbidden, Turkish music, Ziya Gökalp, Atatürk, westernization, radio, republic, alaturka-alafranga