The artist may sometimes choose to create additional meanings by using certain objects in the painting while painting. These objects can often be the direct representation of the thing they symbolize, and sometimes the artist can give the meaning he wishes by using uncommon objects instead of that thing as a metaphor. For instance, in the Middle Ages, artists frequently included lilies in their paintings as a symbol of purity. However, some object like mirrors both reflect the reality and assume the role of a metaphor by introducing meanings to the reality that they reflect. The mirror, or the reflective surface, sometimes gives a correct perspective based on mathematical measurements and we can see an extension of the space which is not included in the painting. Even though this extension does not carry features of a metaphor, they can introduce additional meanings to the narration of the painting. In some paintings, the mirror reflects a different thing other than it should in terms of mathematics and perspective, and contributes to the meaning of the painting as a metaphor. Upon looking at art history, mirror can be seen to have been used as a metaphor by a number of artists. At the same time, mirror has been used in paintings as a tool for reflection or to be reflected upon. In this study, the mirror is a space that exists in the space in the painting and there is a space in the mirror that is not included in the painting. In other words, the space, which is reflected in the mirror that is behind the audience, shows the space that does not exist according to linear perspective in the painting. The study analyzes this space through examples. In this context, mirror and reflection concepts have been analyzed.
Keywords: Mirror, Painting, Metaphor, Reflection