İdil Sanat ve Dil Dergisi
Cilt 7, Sayı 49  Eylül 2018  (ISSN: 2146-9903, E-ISSN: 2147-3056)
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Many art historians think that modern art starts with Impressionists, and they are to be listed, Edouard Manet will be are of the first ones. Although he did not consider himself as an impressionist painters, he did not identify himself as an impressionist. Even if Manet did not call himself as impressionist, he was actually one of the pionees . While each new art movement tries to replace the former one,it is not easy as the artists are not always willing. This is the reason why Manet was not accepted by the predominant art circles when he wanted to get a place among the arts authorities during the 19th century. His paintings in Salon Exhibits were subject to harsh criticism along with surprise and anger. However, some art circles appreciated his genius. In this article, Manet’s overly reacted and rejected paintings in the Salon exhibitions were discussed. In addition, the works of former masters Manet took as a reference in creating his negatively criticized and rejected paintings were also examined in this article. For this purpose, various books related to the subject were studied, museum web sites were scanned, encyclopedias were examined. In the light of the information obtained, it was determined that the contribution of Manet's paintings to modern art is different from that of the impressionists. Manet's innovative aspect of the rejected paintings is that he exhibited what he admired in the old master painters of art history with his own contemporary interpretation. Despite Manet's desire to be accepted by artistic authorities, his innovative approach in the context and style which can be thought in the scope of art for the sake of art in his paintings was not understood.
Keywords: Manet, Olympia, Salon, Giorgione, Velazquez