İdil Sanat ve Dil Dergisi
Cilt 7, Sayı 49  Eylül 2018  (ISSN: 2146-9903, E-ISSN: 2147-3056)

NO Makale Adı

Hinduism is the third religion which has highest believer in the World. Polytheistic religion belief systems, such as Vedas, Uphanishads, Mahabharata and Ramayana, it is based on sources written up to B.C 2500s. Written sources have defined how the teachings and religious rituals should be, as well as who the gods are, their duties and their physical characteristics. While the legends and myths about the gods are explained in detail, some concepts about Vishnu, one of the three important gods, come to the forefront. With the concepts of reincarnation, Avatar, Karma, Vishnu is believed to have come to the world nine times in the world that the world needs, and that it will come again for the last time, the tenth time. Vishnu came in different bodies, different forms, and saved people at their arrival. It is more advanced and perfected at every turn. Vishnu, the first four avatars, hybrid or zoomorphic, while others anthromorphic, were represented in plastic arts by every avatar, and sculptures of Vishnu and avatars in Hindu temples have token an important place. In order to know who are iconographically, it is necessary to observe the details of the subject. The avatars of Vishnu are according to the order of arrival; Matsya, Kurma, Varaha, Narashima, Vamana, Parasurama, Rama, Krsna or Balarama, Buddha, and Kalki, which has not yet come to earth.

Keywords: Sculpture,Vishnu, Avatar, Hinduism, Temple Sculpture