The concept of death is based on the belief system of societies. Therefore, the definition of death, its importance in religion and philoso-phy and the meanings attributed to it throughout the centuries should be known to understand its place in the arts. To examine examples of artworks that concern the relationship between death and art relationship along with all concepts, to determine the effect of the concept of death on the artists in the study and to do a semiotic analysis of the symbols and imageries devel-oped in modern Turkish painting based on Turkish people's concept of death. The analysis of these signs also examined the concept of death as an inner expression of artists' subconscious and its depiction as an original awareness. Thus, many modern Turkish artists' paintings were examined, and methods such as literature review, artwork analysis and interview were used to draw conclusions. The study found that some artists embraced symbols or imageries relating to the concept of death in a conscious manner, while other artists approached the concept of death as a plastic aspect by taking style and form into consideration. The study found that the interaction between modern Turkish painting and the concept of death led artists to sustain their work with this concepts and cultures by using imageries and symbols relating to it as a form or an element of plastic expression..
Keywords: Turkish painting, art, death, symbols, semiotics.