Considered one of the most important composers of the 20th century, Krzysztof Penderecki's "Concerto for Viola and Orchestra" is a contemporary piece composed in Neo-Romantic style. This concerto, written in the sonata form, follows a structure in which two themes, given in contrast to each other in tempo and character, develop and maintain the same motif materials throughout the work. These motifs, developed in the form of minor 2nd and minor 3rd narrow intervals, create a gloomy and depressing atmosphere that dominates the general character of the work. Time measures frequently change throughout the work. The bar-lines have been completely removed in two Cadenza parts and some solo viola passages in order to give freedom to the performer.
Keywords: Viola, concerto, form, character, analyse, Neo-Romantic