The second half of the 19th century was a period when art changed fundamentally throughout the world. While the art is seen as the value of nature's representation and reflection, it is supported in the management of the church and the bourgeoisie. In parallel with social and political developments, the mechanical cycle between art and society has pioneered the development of aesthetics. Thus, art has transformed its existence into an organism that builds upon its sovereignty. It has an aesthetic, constructive power that is fast and effective in the society. At this point, the term avant-garde explains the importance of the role given to art in the realization of the social plan. In the process of autonomy, the artist is an enemy of the bourgeois mentality that is contained in all, isolated from tradition, contemporary morality, science and politics, and popular culture. Art is unmanageable, its existence is autonomous and free.
Keywords: Minimalism, art, abstract expressionism