Since the early ages, mankind has aimed to make ceramics look more esthetical with “decor” as a result of their concern for garnishing their environment and the goods they use. For that purpose, they have developed various decor techniques. Decor techniques have become an important part of ceramic from the ancient period until today.
Together with the emerging of the concept of Fine Arts, the concepts of art and craft were separated from each other and art started to present itself as a purpose rather than a purpose of garnishing or describing a story. Craft, on the other hand, has sustained its functionality. Art movements such as Art and Craft, Bauhaus aim to gather art and craft. Together with the birth of modernism toward the end of the 19th century, decor and decoratives were excluded from art. At the beginning, ceramic could not find a place for itself within the ideal sense of art of modernism. However, even though ceramic is not a part of Modern Art; ceramic artists who are the pioneers of the modernist tradition in ceramic have developed forms emphasizing the nature of materials and not aiming to be used abstractly and daily. The postmodernist ceramic dating back to the 1960s, on the other hand, is against the abstract ideal sense of art of modernism and simplicity. Accordingly, it is thought that even though not all the decorative things are art, art can be made with decorative purposes. This viewpoint has introduced a broad field of application which includes decor in art.
The subject has been examined giving examples to the change of the viewpoint of decor and decorative in the transition process between modernism and postmodernism and to the artists using decor as a conceptual means of expression in their work as a result of that change.
Keywords: Contemporary Ceramic Arts, Ceramic Decoration Techniques, Decor, Ceramics, Modernism, Postmodernism.