İdil Sanat ve Dil Dergisi
Cilt 7, Sayı 50  Ekim 2018  (ISSN: 2146-9903, E-ISSN: 2147-3056)
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Georges Seurat is known as the most significant figure of Neo-Impressionism. His style in the pointillist perception formed the framework of the movement. He developed his style under the influence of impressionism and united art and science with each other. This method is named as divisionism or chromoluminarism. According to his method, when the colors are divided into their smallest parts under observation, it is called as (chromoluminarism) divisionism. Yet when the main issue is applying paint, it becomes pointillism. His method is based on the idea that paints are not mixed on the pallet but gathered on the canvas and perceived in retina. Seurat made use of the ideas of the impressionist methods and investigated the scientific theories about colors. Thus, he created his paintings by gathering colors next to each other on the canvas without mixing together, just like a mosaic. The method of the artist is called as pointillism in the following periods. This method, developed by Surat, is highly in correlation with the theories that he examined earlier about the colors and optics. On the one hand his attachment to certain scientific ideas contributed him to develop a new technique; on the other hand they also caused him to become distant to realism on painting. However there is an optical reality that appears in an effort to capture the physical reality in its own authenticity in this kind of painting. As a consequence of this effort, art of painting gained authenticity and found a path to discover its own reality.
Keywords: Palette, Canvas, Seurat, Color, Neo-impressionism, Pointillism, Divisionism