Art criticism was developed in thelate 19th century with the effects of Impressionism. Nowadays, rather than the criticisms that contribute to the conceptual content of contemporary art by contributing, it is the word to reinterpreted as a derivative of the exhibition texts. The aim of this study contributing to the field of art criticism by analyzing in detail the “The Oath of the Horatii” which was made by Jacques Louis David. In this Classical Period piece, the inspiration of the Roman periodremains, has created the main theme of the picture of Neo-Classical; David has taken the lead role in putting this understanding into perspective. The main theme of the work is love of the holy country, side issues are patriotism and heroism. The reason for choosing this work in this study; this masterpiece is not only in the Neo-Classicalism but also its pioneering, guiding and progressive nature of art and Classical understanding, and it has taken its place in the history of art with a highly original style. When dealt with from the point of view of art education, detailed analysis of painting works will be guided teachers in Visual Arts field, students, artists who are working in the field of painting arts, and people who are interested in arts.
Keywords: Art Criticism, Jacques Louis David, The Oath of the Horatii.