Among the needs of Ottoman Palace, rugs as well as clothes and upholstery fabrics occupy a remarkable place. Of the Ottoman Palace rugs and carpets, not much have survived to the present day. The rugs and carpets have got their own material, pattern, color and technical structures. Their pattern and color characteristics resemble other woven and embroideries of the Palace which were then trendy. Mostly floral figures and symbolic motifs and to a lesser appeared geometrical forms were depicted in these rugs and carpets. Patterns were used to be created in Nakkaşhane (pattern drawing workshop) of the Palace in this period. The motifs drawn in Nakkaşhane would be shaped depending on the object they were applied. For instance, the motifs with curved lines will be applied on Çini, and then the image of motif appeared almost identical to its original shape. The same motif is going to be angled in rugs and carpets depending on the density of warps and wefts in unit area. The motifs in court style are not in systematic structure exists as seen in Anatolian rugs and carpets. Anatolian motifs, though floral, are stylized in geometrical forms and therefore are countable and they can be memorized. On the other hand the motifs of court carpets which are repetitive on the surface cannot be memorized. In order to shorten weaving time and for convenience, the patterns are simplified and little details are avoided. According to the relevant literature, the carpets of court would be laid on the ground of Sultan's marquee when his army set out for military action. These would often make of one single piece and larger size. In this article, some examples on motif and figures of court carpets are presented.
Keywords: Sultan's marquee, Ottoman court kilims, Kilims