In this paper, first, I intend to analyze the cognitive metaphors associated with Amerigo Vespucci’s letters in Italian and the traces of environmental devastation: “Indians Are Gold,” “Animals Are Health,” “Oceans are Slaves,” and “Nature is a Physician” are some of the cognitive metaphors present in Amerigo Vespucci’s letters that are present in this book: Vespucci, Amerigo. Cronache Epistolari: Lettere 1476-1508. Compiled by: Perini, Leandro. 2013. Florence: Firenze University Press. Second, the letters of Amerigo Vespucci will be investigated in accordance with the following: 1) Amerigo Vespucci’s traditional nature love: Judeo-Christian views on nature and Saint Thomas; 2) commercial traces of nature devastation in Amerigo Vespucci, such as researches for gold and commercial ways; and 3) scientific aspects of nature in Amerigo Vespucci. In addition to these, third, the metaphors underlying the games played by children through natural objects in Turkey, Israel, Italy, and England will be analyzed and compared, and a peace education theory based on ecocriticism will be proposed.
Keywords: Environmental humanities, ecological history, Amerigo Vespucci, peace education, children’s games in Turkey, Israel, Italy, and England