Writing, which has been applied on different surfaces in different styles since it was invented, is a visual reflection of language. While the visual elements involved in the definition were made up of pictograms created through the stylization of objects, they have evolved into an alphabetical system through changes occurred over 2000 years. In the beginning, around 3200 B.C., writing was used in order to keep an account of the products among Summerians;however, it was used for different purposes at later periods. Mankind, now, began to communicate through writing as well as speaking and succeeded in transferring their scientific and cultural heritage through writing, which was more permanent than speech, to later generations. Stylistically, it would not be wrong to assume that all writing characters used up to the present time have been created through artistic considerations. Accordingly, it is seen in the history of art that writing has been used as an aesthetic element together with artistic disciplines such as painting, architecture, sculpture etc. Now, it is such that writing is an element of art rather than a syntax of symbols representing a language. Moreover, it is observed in the works created by using writing and painting together that polyphonic work of arts are created through the integration of elements which are essentially different. Therefore, typography, which may be defined as the arranging of letters artistically and functionally, is an indispensable part media, which is used as a diversified way of communication in every part of life. Visual communication process, which began with mural paintings, caused the characters to gradually change into an indicator as well and made it possible for them to be used as an artistic language. The historical process of the relationship between writing and art have emerged in the way writing is used as a visual language and in various art disciplines. As a result, this article aims to discuss the relationship of typography and painting through certain examples.
Keywords: Typography, writing, painting, polyphony, inhomogeneity.