Legends, which is the one of the important genres of folk literature; also a leading genre that reflects folk believes and religions, are literary creations which allow the cultural transfer from past to present-day, makes connection among the generations, and contributes understanding cultural structure. One of the most important components for clarifying the genre specialties of legends is their functions. Because all of the folklore products have a certain function inside the social structure, especially they take an important role in providing cultural continuity. Turkmen legends also undertake the functions such as advising and transferring the folk’s world view, customs, and perception of morality to younger generations. Like all Turkish communities, Turkmen consider “homeland” as a holy treasure; protecting it and providing its permanence are the fundamental duties of every individual. Otherwise, individual gets punished funereally. Due to the fact that legend texts are considered as a mirror to community, those punishments appear in texts in the clearest way, and it is tried to instill patriotism into future generations. In this work of us, three Turkmen legends, which include treason and punishment as a result, will be analyzed regarding their motives and functions.
Keywords: Turkmen, legend, homeland, treason, punishment