Monuments and squares meet wide range of presence in public spaces . They represent the political power and carry a role as an intermediary which transfer the messages to the public. The use of monuments, artworks and themes have become an indispensable tool for all civilizations to describe the establishment of past-future relationships, and how social values are being built or tried to be sought. In this context, the tradition of utilizing from monuments and memorial sculptures is very old. This paper focuses on the effects of the Republican period monument sculptures on the public, in terms of form, content and symbolic aspect, as well as the relation of the republican monuments with the squares, and their effects on official and informal ideologies are addressed in a few examples.
Key Words: Monument, public space, representation