In this study, the personal attitudes of the artists towards the wars of the recent history are approached in terms of the relationship they establish between their products and the historical period they witness. History of art has been showing that many of the artists are not indifferent to the social traumas faced; and on the contrary, they include these traumas into the main problems of their producing activities. Art, when described as a kind of mental action in perception of the reality, primarily draws the relationship of the modern culture with the arts to the realistic ground, in the most basic sense. Thus, the relationship between the fact of war and the production of art have been expressed on the axis of comprehending the reality, regarding the artists’ point of views both on the art and the life; and by selecting a series of artworks, which have revealed the ability of art to create deep effects on the social perception, as the subjects for their studies, the possibilities being derived from the historical reserve of art have been examined, at a historical moment that the civilization could not overcome the war and violence cycle.The works, which are on war and reality concepts, of the artists such as Otto Dix, Pablo Picasso and Leon Golub were focused in this study; and the study is limited to the mostly discussed ones among these works.
Keywords: War, Reality, Art, Violence, Culture