The Concertino for Oboe and Strings by Turgay Erdener has significant importance because it is the first piece for oboe and strings written in concertino form by a contemporary Turkish composer. The composer has applied the rhythms and the maqams of the Ottoman Music, Turkish Folk Music and Turkish Art Music with the forms of Western Classical Music. The first movement is a compound ternary form and the core motif announced by the oboe is repeated continuously through the movement. The melodical structure of the first movement gives its place to the contrpunctual structure in the second movement. The basso continuo, segah maqam and Passacaglia form are the main features of this movement. The third movement has the lively atmosphere of the Turkish Folk Music. A humoristic language is applied in this movement where the playground of children has been described.
Keywords: Oboe, Concertino, Form, Analyse, Segah, Passacaglia.