Chevalier romances in Middle Ages are accepted to be the pioneers of romanticism. Romanticism which maintained dominance until the middle of XIX. century, has left its place to realism after the Age of Enlightenment with the scientific and technical progresses. The character of Madame Bovary, Emma takes refuge in dreams by reading romantic books with love and adventure themes in her studentship years. She tries to satisfy her dreams and desires by reading writers such as Walter Scott, Balzac, Eugene Sue, George Sand and Paul et Virginie and history stories. She becomes unhappy in her marriage because she can’t find the world in her dreams. She falls in two different forbidden loves in the hope of realizing her dreams and being the character of the love stories that she read. When she realizes that she will not be able to satisfy her ambitions and dreams, she commits suicide. The character of Araba Sevdası, Mr Bihruz is a snob of Tanzimat Reform Era. Because of his imaginariness and ignorance, he enjoys reading only romantic love stories or picture books that contain lewd love scenes. He dreams to be the characters of the romantic books that he reads like Emma. He reads Paul et Virginie. He learns love from romantic books and writers such as La Dam aux Camélias, Alphonse Karr, Ihlamurların Altında, Fablos Şövalyesinin Maceraları (The Life and Adventures of the Chevalier de Faublas). He writes a letter to Mrs Periveş whom he loves by copying the romantic books; however, he is disgraced because of his ignorance and being detached from real life and loses everything that he has.The reason of disappointment existent in both of the books is taking refuge in dreams, over emotionality and maladaptation to real life which romantic literary books create. We are going to examine formation conditions of romanticism and realism which is follow up of romanticism by making comparative review of Madam Bovary and Araba Sevdası novels.
Key words: Romanticism, realism, novel, imagination and reality, parody