One of the most important description of Russian novelists in the 19th century was маленький человек [malenkiy chelavyek], which can be translated as a “small man” or “little guy”, and can be understood as an ordinary man in society. The ordinary man is a person who has a very low status in society, is not gifted, but he is a well-behaved, innocent man, who deserves sympathy, attention, and support. Through his life, the ordinary hero struggles so that he can be wealthy and influential but he never succeeds. This research work is an attempt to explain the concept of “the ordinary man” in the societies of Dostoevsky and Yaşar Kemal, who have deep influence on world literature’s communist and socialist ideas through their characteristic techniques and devices. Their novels: Poor Folk and The Wind From The Plain are good examples of capitalism as a slavery system. The aim of this comparative study is to identify the both ordinary people of different cultures, and show the psychology of these ordinary heroes who are under pressure but ambitious characters.
Key words: Dostoevsky, Yaşar Kemal, ordinary man, psychology.