The article raises the question, on the theoretical side, on the functioning of the folk tradition in the poetics by S.A. Esenin. On the one hand, this problem is sufficiently studied, on the other hand, the researchers identified mainly secondary facts folklorism in the poet. For a different view on this issue is needed to develop a different methodology and theoretical apparatus. Please refer to the inner shape of folklorism, folklore and myth, standing behind a metaphor. Esenin's early work is associated not only with folklorism and ethnographism open type, but also implicitly with the poetics of Russian fairy tales, with its installation on the ideal of "a kingdom."
Keywords: myth, folklore, literature, S.A. Yesenin, E.N. Troubetzkoy