Westernization period that was begun at Ottoman social and political environment has been reflected to art and art of painting that was forwarding in traditional line has been entered into westernization period. There was various activities before D-Group to develop Turkish Art of Painting in the westernization period. Those were as follows: the works of oil painters in the mid of 19th century (Primitives), opening Sanayi-i Nefise Mektebi (Fine Arts school) and beginning to education, activities of 1914 period artists, composing and works of Independent Artists and Sculptors Association. Although those performed activities are important to progress of Turkish Art of Painting, they were at the back of flows of Western Art.
D Group that was established in 1933 became active to reflect update art views of common art flows in Western countries to Turkey through bringing them into Turkey, defended that primarily missing of Turkish Plastic Arts was thought aspect and then it aimed to remove this missing point. Upon participation of Turgut Zaim and Bedri Rahmi Eyüboğlu to Group in 1934, the artists began to show interest to domestic motives and themes. The artists began to establish connection between geometric embroidery abstractions in Anatolian Villages, to remove slightly foreign affects from Turkish art, to use inspiration of traditional arts symbolically within Western art’s stylistic patterns. Hence the group members rescued Turkish Art of Paint from increasingly imitation and tried to lead it to tendency of which origin is traditional arts and folkloric values.
In this paper, examining the contribution of D Group artists to Turkish Art of Paint and the data that were obtained tjrough scanning method has been composed together descriptively.
Key words: Turkish Art, D-Group, Westernization, Artists