Being a remedy for protecting the body and soul from poisons in the ancient medicine, antidote is also a term that is used for stone-based remedies. This word, which was made by adding the prefix pâd, which means something that removes harm and mischief, to the word zehr, expresses the medicine or remedies that protect the body and soul from the demolishing effects of sorrow and desolation, as well. The book, which is called Şifâ’iyye and was written by Şifâî Şaban Efendi during the period of Sultan II.Mustafa, discusses about the types of antidote and stones with features of antidote. This book of three chapters respectively discusses about mineral, animal and hatchery antidotes. The epilogue section of the book, on the other hand, explains many other stones with features of antidote. This small-volume book was prepared by Şifâî Şaban Efendi, who was a palace physician during the period of Sultan II.Mustafa, through researching many important medical books. Third chapter of this epistle mentions about animal antidotes and indicates that this stone is available in mountain goats and snakes and various explanations are made. This article introduces this section of the epistle, which involves important information in terms of pharmacology, zoology and lithology.
Keywords: Antidote, mountain goat, snake, Şifâ’iyye, Şaban Efendi.