İn terms of geographical situation, Russia locates between East and West and due to the effects of these two cultures, the music of East always be interest of Russion composers. This interest in 19 century showed itself in the orientalism movement in Russian composers national composition echole. İn music history Russian Fives who recognized in nationalist movement, valued the other cultures and folklores by using Russian Orientalism.
İn this study it is aimed to examine the movmnt of orientalism in Rusian Fives compositions and their effects in music system such as harmony, intonation , mode etc.
Key words: Orientalism, Russian fives, National currents.