Following World War II, a correlation between an increase migration and squatters was observed for the first time in Turkey. As a result of the migration movements of the 1960’s, many cities witnessed a wide spread development of slums. In the following years, the presence of these slums became an important part of Turkish socio-cultural life. This study focuses on investigating the influence of slums and urbanization in Turkish contemporary art after the 1950’s, due to the social and political changes of this time period. The influence of migration from villages on the new socio-cultural environment of cities became the focus of artists. The study aimed to demonstrate the influence of cultural, social and political development in Turkey after the 1950’s on artists and the impact these events had on the social structure of cities. The concepts and representations of the slums in the works of artists such as Bedri Rahmi Eyuboglu, Turan Erol, Nuri Iyem, Nedim Gunsur, Lutfu Gunay, and Fethi Arda were studied. The slum phenomenon was represented by artists in various manners unique to their individual styles. Literary analysis and qualitative studies indicate that artists have tried to depict the concept of the slums in their own original styles, each contributing to a different perspective and creation in Turkish contemporary painting. At the same time, we believe that the interpretation of the thought process behind the composition and editing as well as the plastic values will benefit the artist in the context of contemporary art.
Keywords: Contemporary Turkish Painting, Slums, Migration