Methodological development of aesthetics, even after it has become an autonomous field of science, has continued in accordance with the laws of art. However, the period in which aesthetics moved independently from art is the process that aesthetic embraced ideological concepts. These ideological concepts have changed the scope of aesthetics and they have also played an important role in the analysis of art. Aesthetics has been concerned with many phenomena and it has been correlated with social events and various disciplines. Ideological aesthetics, especially named after enlightenment, has represented dialectical method out of dialectical and metaphysical one and, in a sense, it derives from scientific materialist philosophy - a reflection of bourgeois aesthetics which is the expression of social worldview. This philosophy helps to expose the methodological evolutionary transformations of aesthetics and the foundations of ideological aesthetics. Dialectical materialism is Marx's teaching and this theory represents the artistic production of human - essence of a marxist aesthetic- embracing the philosophy of history, political philosophy and the philosophy of society in epistemological level. The art object, which is an ontological entity, is an aesthetic object and at the same time it contains the representations of ideas and ideologies peculiar to human beings. Ideological aesthetics has also turned into a functional structure with social responsibilities and a means of reflecting the ideologies of society because of its relevance to social phenomena. Ideological aesthetics has been used by Marx and Engels both as a way to increase the functionality of scientific materialist theory in a functional sense and to analyse societies historically. Ideological aesthetic, both in terms of aesthetic education of society and in the sense of transforming it, is pragmatic. At the same time, ideological aesthetics has taken place in the same way in the laws of existence of art dealing with philosophical aspects of historical processes in terms of laws, bases, methodological way of operation.
Keywords:. ideology, social reality, aesthetics, idealism, materialism