İdil Sanat ve Dil Dergisi
Cilt 5, Sayı 21  Bahar I 2016  (ISSN: 2146-9903, E-ISSN: 2147-3056)

NO Makale Adı

The Urartians believed that the life in the world would continue in the after-life, too, and thus built their tombs in the form of a room or a house filled with their belongings. Condolence meal must have been prepared after the burial of the deceased. The finds such as pottery and animal bones obtained from tombs reveal that the above-mentioned meal tradition existed. The serving cups, which were put in tombs together with the deceased, and the food and beverage in such cups imply that they were placed in tombs in order for the dead person to utilize them during his/her journey to the other world or for spirits not to disturb the living people. While open mouth splay dishware was used for food, round and trefoil mouth jugs, wineglasses, fruit plates, and pots were used for beverages. Both burial ceremonies and burial types varied. In Van/Altıntepe Necropolis, 35 underground rock-cut tombs, 4 earthen graves, and 7 urna graves were detected. These graves were formed according to the social levels of the common people. 5 commodity groups have been identified by taking liner features all total 2062 pieces of ceramic 166 found in this tomb: 1. Tiles (Red Brilliant Biainili) Lined Goods, 2-Brown Lined Goods, 3-Pink Lined Goods, 4-Cream Lined Goods and 5-Grey Lined Goods.
Key Words: Urartian, Tushba, Altıntepe Necropolis, Rock-Cut Tombs, Serving Cups, Pottery, Rituals for Death Burials.