İdil Sanat ve Dil Dergisi
Cilt 5, Sayı 20  Kış II 2016  (ISSN: 2146-9903, E-ISSN: 2147-3056)

NO Makale Adı

In the paper the travel chronotope is connected with three years of forced staying of V.G. Korolenko in Yakutia in 1881-1884 and with the writer’s trip to America in 1893. The influence of Yakutia was revealed in the domination of the inner actions in the prose of V.G. Korolenko, in the emerging of motives of resistance, homelessness in the writer’s works, in the intellectualism and philosophicity of his poetics, in the using of “a story in a story” method, in the depicting of the life with the help of a “pure children vision”, in antithesis of the light and the darkness and in the assonance. In the American texts of V.G. Korolenko the duality of the country writer’s perception can be seen. From the one hand, America in the novel “Without Language” is presented as a mythological infernal space, the hell, in the plot structure a mythological formula of the “death” and the following “resurrection” of the character is used by the author and the guest house of Mister Bork gets some characteristics of the “antihouse”. From the other hand, in the process the character of the novel Matvey Lozinskiy begins to discern the advantages of America and the exotic foreign land starts to demonstrate its human sides. In the letters of 1919-1920 V.G. Korolenko thinks over the objective assessment of the Russian and American reality. The author of the letters constructs the binary oppositions “the backward Russia” – “the developed America”, “the mild Slavic culture” - “the tough Anglo-Saxon culture”, “the low moral culture in Russia” – “the high moral culture in America”.

Key words: Korolenko V.G., chronotope, travel, Yakutia, America, the city, New-York, the house, the antihouse.